Ethnic • National •
Nationalism and Minority Issues from a European
the author’s opinion, as a result of the European integration process, we may
be once more returning to an
of regions, from which national states originally emerged. Only a combination
of supranational unity and regional pluralism will enable us to build up the
cosmopolitan attitudes required to cope with integration in the West,
disintegration in the East and the pressure of immigration from other
Joseph R. Gusfield
Primordialism and Nationality
essay focused on the new aspects of the nationalism. Much of the surprise that
the upsurge of nationalist movements has occasioned among social scientists,
has been a result of our tacit assumption that ”nation” and ”society” are
equivalent terms; that the existence of a nation-state was a clear indication
that its people were a functioning society. The drive to convert culture into
political independence has been amply illustrated by the separatist movements
of the past twenty years in many parts of the world.
the collapse of the Soviet empire, Russian political leaders of all tendencies
have reached a consensus about the necessity of redefining ”national
interests”. The present study analyses the new political currents in this
question. The author’s conclusion is relatively optimist: intelligent
nationalism invites Russia to cure her numerous ills, without bothering the
surrounding world; aggressive nationalism probably will prevail.
Different Nationalisms: The Case of Estonia
to the Estonian experience, the most important argument is undoubtedly the fact
that independence was restored without the loss of life. In Estonia there has
not been tension leading to bloodshed or to dramatic conflict in the political,
social or ethnic level.
Beyond the Nation-State
The author, starting from the old liberal
conception regarding freedom and equality, studys the
multiethnic societies. He is looking for liberal solutions to the national problem. In the
author’s opinion, returning to the historical liberalism can’t be a response to
the current problems of Central Europe. For this reason, he supports the idea
of a state of associate nations.
Majority and Minority Relations in Eastern
debate organised by the Intercultural Centre of the Pro Europa League on the occasion of the ”Week of Tolerance” in Tîrgu-Mureş. The participants – politicians and
experts – discussed the situation of the minorities in Ukraine, Moldavia,
Hungary, Slovakia and Romania.
Historical Marginalisation and Social
Cooperation in the Case of Roma Population
author offers a modern point of view on the Roma issue trying to explain the
roots of the physical, economical marginalisation, the religious diversity, the
cultural symbiosis and the educational specificity.
Recommendation 1203 (1993) on Gypsies in Europe
A Specific Recommendation for a Specific
A short commentary on the Recommendation 1203,
as adopted by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of
Archaic Romanian Cultural Values in the
Architecture in Transylvanian Churches
speaking Transylvania is a rich territory. This intercultural space, has traits of architectural ecumenism. The author
presents some of the oldest orthodox churches from the region.
The Multiculturalism in the Spatial Conception of the Medieval Churches in
study focusing on the architectural style of the Transylvanian Churches, in a
region witch is a bridge beetwen Western and Eastern
Faces of Europe
Guaranteeing Minority Rights in Finland
minority guarantees that today exist in Finland are multifaceted; they have been
based on the different needs of the minority groups that live in Finland. The
solutions achieved in Finland may inspire solutions that are sought in other
parts of the world. However, they most probably will not be adapted as such
without any modification. In the author’s conclusion: the Finnish experience
shows that solutions may be found even in situations where armed conflicts are
close, if the will for peaceful settlement prevails.
Charalambos K. Papastathis
The Status of Mount Athos in Hellenic Public
Final Act (1979) of the Agreement concerning the accession of the Hellenic
Republic to the European Economic Community includes Joint Declaration no.4
concerning Mount Athos, which guarantees the special status to Mount Athos. The
author examines, in very general terms, this ”special status” from the point of
view of contemporary Hellenic public law.
The Political Dimension of the Caritas Affair
analysis, describing the ”Caritas” phenomenon, a
pyramid-saving operation in
For every one person who became rich from ”Caritas”,
hundreds were financial losers and not a few were completely ruined, losing
even their homes.
La Roumanie contamporaine
Sudden Rage at Dawn — Violence Against Roma in